Catalogue Finding NumberSH:7/ML/E/17/0155
Office record is held atCalderdale, West Yorkshire Archive Service
TitleDiary page
Description[Diary Transcription]

298
1835
January
U
Vc
met Joseph Mann coming from there sharpening tools and walked back with him to the drift — said I had seen Hinscliffe — he
persisted I could stop Spiggs and still bottom Walker pit — Joseph Mann said I could not — well! said
I, I shall probably sink another pit, and have been thinking not to sink gin or
make a new road till I begin the other pit — Joseph Mann said that would be the best plan, and I think I shall
follow it — Came in at 5 50/.. — Prepared linen for cousin ready for bedtime dinner at
6 1/4 — coffee — won a gammon, lost a hit, and then lost a back-gammon to A- [Ann] — got into a passion
and would not play it out — A- [Ann] would have me play it out, and at last I did — 1/2 hour with my
father and Marian — Mr. Denton (Mr. Sunderland’s apprentice) called on A- [Ann] for her dispensary
vote for Mr. Lister about eight — she said she had promised it to him — Mr. Sunderland’s family anxious
for him to succeed — he is the next surgeon in the town to Mr. Jubb — came upstairs at
8 1/4 and wrote all the above of today in about an hour — then talking to A- [Ann] — 20 minutes with my
aunt till 10 5/.. — fine, mild day — Fahrenheit 48° now at 10 35/.. p.m. —

Tuesday 27
9 10/..
11 1/2
Vc
+
U
L
No kiss up at 4 1/2 for 1/2 hour and went to bed again — So much cousin got up and washed and came to my st
udy and got worsted stocking prepared and put on ~ very fine morning Fahrenheit 46° at 10 25/..
at which hour Mr. Bradley — out with him and Pickells setting-out the alterations at the dry bridge
till 1 1/4 — then Mr. Bradley dined, and sat with him talking of different alterations till he went away
at 2 20/.. — he would be glad to have what was Mr. Scatcherd’s office if I could let him have — told him
the place house and land was promised but I would see what I could do — did not mention to whom it was promised —
A- [Ann] off to Cliff hill at 1 25/.. — Washed and put on my other worsted cousin stocking to walk in
off to Cliff hill for A- [Ann] at 3 — 10 minutes with Charles Howarth — he and James as yesterday and Saturday sawing up pine 12 foot planks
into 1/2 inch boards for venting the drift — at Cliff hill at 3 40/.. — 35 minutes there — Mrs. Ann Walker very
good humoured — walked back with A- [Ann] — home at 5 — then in the barn talking to John or Charles Howarth then
25 minutes with my father and Marian till 6 1/4 — dinner at 6 1/2 — coffee — A- [Ann] and I 1/2 hour with my father and
Marian — upstairs at 8 — read partly aloud from page 35 to 85 Essays on the Church by a Layman — very
good — then 1/2 hour with my aunt till 10 1/2 — staid to put chloride of lime (1 coffee cup to 10 quarts water) into her feet water 1st time of her trying it — fine day though a little damp or very small rain between
1 and 2 p.m. — Fahrenheit 46 1/2° now at 10 40/.. p.m. — Letter this evening 1 half sheet full (franked
by Lord Stuart de Rothesay) from Lady Stuart de Rothesay very kind thanks for the shawls which she was impatient to
see and receive —

[margin text:] Mr. Bradley
setting out about dry bridge

Wednesday 28
8 20/..
12
+
Vc
No kiss fine morning though rather hazy and dull — Fahrenheit 43 1/2° at 9 1/2 a.m. — Looked over from page 25 to 69
end of De la Beche’s geological notes — breakfast at 9 3/4 — to 10 3/4 — then out with Charles Howarth doing top cornice
for north passage — then with Pickels at the dry bridge — Holt at the drift — came in with him at
11 50/.. and he staid till 1 3/4 — the deed made by Stansfield and Thompson ready for signing Mrs. Machin’s
coal 14 DW [days work] to Mr. Rawson for £200 — but 7 people concerned mother and children, and …….
the sadler at North bridge having married the oldest daughter and not being consulted would not let his wife
sign and promised to bring all the rest over to sell to Holt — valued at £40 per DW [days work] but Holt thinks
he can get them to agree for £300 down — said I should be glad if he could — but he must give £350
rather than miss the bargain — in short he must buy the coal — then speaking of Spiggs, he had told William

[margin text:] Mrs. Machin’s coal


299
1835
January
U
what I had said about the deed from Wilkinson, and said he (Holt) should be here this morning and expected William Keighley to
come here and meet him and bring the deed — Said I should now 1st see about settling this matter about the deed —
and that I did not care about agreeing with the Spiggs company for that I understood the Keighleys were indemnified
by the 2 Clarkes (Tommy and his brother) of whom they bought their share — asked what Holt valued the
Spiggs Colliery at as it stood — £1000 — very well, said I — we shall see — if I open this Shibden
Colliery it will be my interest to stop Spiggs altogether — Why! yes! said Holt it would — his cousins
Holt had agreed to sell their 1/2 share to Stocks; but when I bought Staups, Stocks would have
nothing more to do with Spiggs — he would have loosed Northowram coal (Swain’s coal) by Spiggs through Staups —
Stocks has only 1/2 of Swain’s coal and the two Clarkes have the other 1/2 — and Stocks
will not care much about loosing it till he has it all — Wilson quite fast — cannot stand
many months longer — I could loose Stocks (Swaine’s coal) and a few acres of Upper brea top land by my water wheel at Tilly holme
Stile if I liked — but I loose neither him nor anybody else unless I like — said I had
made up my mind to loose my coal and set up the water wheel at Tilly holme style and
wished to begin of this job — the sooner the better — the 1st thing to do is to begin at Mytholm
dam stones and drive up a drift to Tilly holme Stile — this, at a rough guess, might be
from 600 to 700 yards — say at 4/. a yard if advertised might be done for less — might be done in about 8 months — then would have a
walled and arched culvert (3 x 2 feet) from Tilly holme stile to the end of my library into the brook —
say (said I) about 600 yards, all labour done at 5/. per yard and Stones (field wall stones for
sides and parpoints for arching) and carting = 7/. per yard — ⸫ culvert total cost of per yard = 12/.
then put down the water wheel — wheel to be 6 feet broad — put the wheel and engine pit just
above the gall (that runs through wellroyde land etc.) so that there would only be 14 or 15 yards to pump —
Suppose the wheel and engine pit cost from £300 to £400. the 2 coal-heads or drifts (large
enough for hurrying gates — going corves along one and returning corves along the other) will pay for themselves by the coal
got out of them — that is, will pay for driving but there will be rails to find — those Hinscliffe
{had just got me from Farrer are to be £8 per ton, 4 feet long rails, of which one ton will reach
{80 yards — Told Holt my plan of sinking another pit 50 or 60 yards on this side of Walker pit —
not necessary to sink another pit — Even if I stopt Spiggs Colliery, and kept it stopt (for which I should
have to raise the water 3 yards) so that Walker pit should be 3 yards deep in water, this would not signify —
I could chamber the pit just above the water, or fill it up to that height, if I liked, and cut a gallery
or drift from Walker pit through the coal to communicate with the drifts (leaving between the pit
and drift a yard’s breadth of coal as a landing or fence to keep the water from the drift) — Holt quite sure I cannot stop Spiggs
without letting the water 3 yards deep into Walker pit bottom — the dead water stands — that is the water rises,
as it is, as high up on the coal as the wall at the head of the clough in Trough of Bolland
wood — I smiled and said I thought Hinscliffe would have no objection to my stopping Spiggs colliery — which Holt
seemed to agree in — I think Hinscliffe is afraid of his trespass being discovered when Walker pit is bottomed —
we shall have to phey about 180 yards along the face of the coal in the old works at 3/. a yard for this gate will be good
and then about 50 yards forward through coal and then Holt thinks we shall come at the trespass — but the coal will pay when we get to it —

[margin text:] Holt’s valuation of Spiggs Colliery
I can loose Stocks’s Northowram
coal by Tilly holme water wheel
Estimate of expense of Loosing coal
at Tilly holme stile
cost of rails etc.
where the dead
water now stands
distance to}
phey and price}
DateJan 1835
Extent1 page
LevelPiece
Thumbnail

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