Catalogue Finding NumberSH:7/ML/E/10/0144
Office record is held atCalderdale, West Yorkshire Archive Service
TitleDiary page
Description[Diary Transcription]

Friday 28
8 1/2
12 3/4
M- [Mariana] came and talked to me for 1/4 hour — breakfast at 9 20/60 — sat talking to M- [Mariana] and Mr. Harvey, an amiable genttlemanly
young man, apparently evangelical in religion, and croaking — politics — a little before 1 we all 3 set off to walk (about 1/2 hours walk) to the endless
chain (pronounced by the people endless cheen) coal-pit, belonging to Mr. Lawton let to, and worked by Mr. Kinnersley whose
head-man, Mr. . . . was ready to go down with us — A 20 or 22 horse power steam engine let us down the
shaft, 217 yards deep, in 5 minutes — The men sometimes go down in 1/2 the time — Mr. Harvey and I and 1 of the men went down first
standing on a square sort of wooden scale holding by the chains by which it was suspended from the 4 corners then came M- [Mariana] and Mr. — On getting
near the bottom of the shaft the dripping from the sides was like rain — 1 3/4 hours in the pit — This bed dips 18 inches per yard from North to
South — about 80 men and boys working — The corves drawn by ponies or little stiff strong horses — Can bring up 60
tons a day working about day and night, and sell the coals at the canal side (perhaps 1/4 mile from the pit) at 12/.
per ton — very fine pit — The superincumbent shale rock (sometimes free stone rock) strong enough in general to do without
support — When not a brick work arched way where you must stoop a little — no pit in this country more
subject to fire damp, if not well ventilated — in 1 part heard the sulphur sizzing in the rocky sides of the
tunnel and below on each side in the little gutter of water could set fire to it with our candles — The light blue flame
would run along the water — a good illustration of the naphtha-fires on the caspian? — held our candles low for
fear of accident — shewed us Davy’s safety lamp — but the men were working by candle-light — nothing
on but a pair of trousers — The beds from 7 to 10 feet thick hereabouts — This bed seemed about 7 feet thick with including
the 1 1/2 to 2 feet of top coal thrown aside as waste, not worth taking up — We went about 700 yards underground —
it is 1 of the best and deepest pits in this country — had been working about 20 years — The upper stratum of coals (about
1/2 the depth?) has been got — our friend Mr. — a very shrewd, sensible man, was unwilling to take anything
but made him take 1/2 a sovereign, and left with him a sovereign for the men — all the coals on coming up pass over a
weighing engine, so that no party can easily be cheated this, he says, is much better than selling the coal by the acre
and advised me in future to sell by weight — Mr. Charles Lawton was astonished to hear the price of my coals £240 and
per acre — 2 acres of coal hereabouts, on cutting the new canal, were valued at £14,000 — Mr. Harvey
left us at the pit to ride home and M- [Mariana] and I walked back, and got home at 4 3/4 — required a good washing and
cleaning, but as we had no jackets nor anything thrown over us (M- [Mariana] in her habit and I in my old pelisse), we were
come off much better than I expected — Dinner at 6 1/4 — Came upstairs on leaving the dining room and had a kiss
come to my room at 10 1/4 — fair, but dampish not agreeable day — a few drops of light rain as we returned from the pit —
sat up reading the first 64 ppages volume 1 Italy and Italians in the 19th century —

Saturday 29
11 10/60
M- [Mariana] thinking I should like better to breakfast at my own hour in my own room, had my breakfast at 10 in my dressing room —
then looked over all M-’s [Mariana] trinkets and clothes — from 1 to 2 walked with her to the Congleton lodge and back — on coming in
to luncheon Mr. Charles Lawton proposed going to Namptwich [Nantwich] on business, at 3, to stay all night, go to church there in the morning
and return to dinner tomorrow — merely put up my night things, and sat reading from page 64 to 164 (Italy in the 19th century volume 1.
Mr. Charles Lawton M- [Mariana] and I off in the carriage at 4 — Stopt about 10 minutes en passant at Mr. Stringer’s (Charles’s wood merchant)
to see his water-turned saw-wheels by which he was cutting mahogany in beautifuly regular thin lamina for inlaying —
partly his own invention — something of the kind in London, but not quite the same sort of thing — Got out at the Crown
at Namptwich [Nantwich] at 6 25/60 — market day — our little ground floor sitting room strong of rum and water — the fire gone out —
M- [Mariana] starved, and tired, and nervous — in tears — overdone — Mr. Charles Lawton proposed returning if M- [Mariana] liked — she could not — ordered buls —
the fire burnt up — had our mutton chops about 7, and all the better for it — Mr. Charles Lawton brought his own wine in which case
as usual, pays the landlord a shilling for every cork that is drawn — M- [Mariana] went to sleep on the sofa — Went up with her to bed at 10 — Left her
and went to my own room adjoining at 10 1/2 — Very good friends L [Charles Lawton] wanted me seriously to take the other bed in their room or at
least to undress there by the fire while he got into bed at the other end hid by the curtains ~ Finish day —

[margin text:] From Lawton Hall to
Namptwich [Nantwich] 16 miles

March Sunday 30
11 3/4
3/4 hour talking to M- [Mariana] while she dressed — breakfast at 9 3/4 — better this morning, but not well enough to go to church —
Mr. Charles Lawton went at 11 — M- [Mariana] wrote a short letter to Mrs. Bailey (Louisa Ricketts that was), and we went out at 1 took
a little turn round by the row of new brick houses, and then walked towards Stapeley where Mr. Charles Lawton was to go after church —
he did not go — had our walk, and got back at 2 1/2 — Then had a sandwich, and off home at 3 — Tired horses, and 2 hours
in getting to Sandbach — changed there in 8 minutes, and got home at 5 4/60 — Dinner at 6 1/4 — the Squire having a little of
the gout, we sat the evening in the dining room — read a little yesterday after dinner and this morning while M- [Mariana] wrote her letter, and today
after dinner and at these 3 several times read the 1st. 134 ppages volume 1 Rome in the 19th century — tea at 9 1/4 — came to my room
at 10 1/2 — finish day —

Monday 31
Breakfast at 9 with M- [Mariana] (Mr. Charles Lawton had just breakfast and gone out) in Mr. Charles Lawton’s sitting room — M- [Mariana] did her purses for the bazaar
and I sat talking of 1 thing or other — Mr. Charles Lawton having taken the Salmons' cottage at Sandbach off their hands, has offered it
rent free to the Salmons Mrs. Belcombe — Mrs. Salmon has it (Lord Crewe’s) for her life and that of her oldest son Henry who is in
India — worth £150 per annum, furnished, with 2 acres land, and garden — purchase for these 2 lives £1100 — [illegible]
Mrs Belcombe much obliged but cannot come of two years wrote a foolish letter of gratitude and “love” to L Charles Lawton which
π [Mariana] will not give him the letter came on Friday [illegible] we neither of us thought the offer would be accepted
but two years may make great changes and they may never come at all at 12 M- [Mariana] had a shower bath
of 2 quarts, wearing an oil-case (made for a beaver hat) over her head, a very good contrivance — From
a little before 2 to 5 M- [Mariana] and I walked to the Congleton lodge, then to the shoemakers (ordered shoes) scholar green,
then round by Rode, and the Lawton arms home — Dinner at 6 — Mr. Charles Lawton had a bottle of his fine old port, 15 years
in bottle — Excelent, but unluckily took, as Mr. Charles Lawton said, 3 glasses of it, having had 2 before, and felt it a little
too much — Got steadily out of the dining room about nine π [Mariana] came upstairs with me would have
a kiss directly on the sofa in my dressing room which she said lasted twenty minutes and I covered
her with blood and water through even her black velvet and after this I know not much about it — she led
me upstairs a story higher where I was to sleep (thought the new plastered dressing room dis
agreed with me) and left me in my great chair I was sick and threw up twice at long intervals
slept till one in the morning then awaking pretty sober undressed and got into bed ~ fine day —

Tuesday 1
7 3/4
1 5/60
The wine too good to give headache quite right this morning π [Mariana] says I swore terribly last night
she had told L [Charles Lawton] I was writing so did not go down again — Breakfast in Mr. Charles Lawton’s room wim him and M- [Mariana] at 9 —
came up to my room at 9 3/4 and from then to 1 wrote out the last 5 1/2 of Sunday the 23rd ultimate and all the following journals
up to this moment (1p.m.) — Mrs. Hoden called — Went downstairs about 1 1/2, a minute or 2 before she went away — read a
little — played a little at billiards with Mr. Charles Lawton — from about 3 1/2 to 5 walked out with M- [Mariana] to see old Mrs. Hollock,
1 of the cottage tenants — The Reverend Mr. Manwaring came to dinner — dinner at 6 1/4 — left the dining room at 8 40/60 — tea
at 9 1/4, but Mr. Charles Lawton and his guest did not come in till near 10 — The reverend gentleman rather stupid — did not go away till near 11 —
Came up to bed at 11 1/4 — Sat up reading — Italy in the 19th century volume 1 from page 164 to 198. Finish morning — rained a little as we
returned from our walk — π’s [Mariana] cousin came this morning before breakfast —

Wednesday 2
7 20/60
12 1/2
Read from page 198 to 242 volulme 1 Italy 19th century — Breakfast at 9 — M- [Mariana] and I walked with Charles to the cottage near Lawton mere to see what a pretty place
it might be made for 5 or 600£ — The phaeton met us and from 11 1/4 to 12 25/60 drove over Alsager heath to Betley court (7 miles)
to call on Miss Fletcher and Mrs. F. Twernlow — at home sat with them 1 35/60 hour and had luncheon there — very glad to see us we were
sure, and very civil — Then in 40 minutes drove the 3 miles to Madeley Manor, Mr. Cunliffe’s — The family gone to London — The housekeeper shewed
us the house — The old house is housekeeper’s room, kitchen, and office — the rest “new and very well managed — returned by Newcastle 4 miles — 1/4 hour
shopping — N.C. [Newcastle] and got home (in 1 50/60 hour driving the whole way from Madeley) at 5 40/60 — dinner at 6 1/4 — very fine day though very dark behind us, and
a shower just before we got to Madeley — from 11 to 11 40/60 took up, and read from page 23 to 38 ‘the divine authority of the scriptures demonstrated by Richard Watson’ Watson’s brothers
DateMar-Apr 1828
Extent1 page


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