Catalogue Finding NumberCRO
Office record is held atCalderdale, West Yorkshire Archive Service
TitleJOHN CROSSLEY AND SONS/JOHN CROSSLEY AND SONS LIMITED/JOHN CROSSLEY AND CARPET TRADE HOLDINGS LIMITED/CARPETS INTERNATIONAL OF DEAN CLOUGH MILLS, HALIFAX, CARPET MANUFACTURERS, RECORDS (ADDNL), BUSINESS PAPERS OF VISCOUNT GARNOCK (CRO)
DescriptionBusiness papers of David Bethune Lindesay-Bethune (Viscount Garnock) including correspondence and complaints 1928-1978, publications and speeches 1932-1965, working files 1946-1977, plains department files 1950-1963, Board and Committee meetings related papers 1956-1967, brochures and other related documents 1956-1973; also John Crossley Carpet Trade Holdings Limited of Halifax board meetings minutes 1964-1966; Crossleys' overseas companies records relating to the United States of America 1952-1966, Canada 1958-1989, Western Germany 1963-1967 and Australia 1967-1972
Date1928-1989
Extent1.16/137 bundles and 1 volume
LevelCollection
Access ConditionsCRO: 6, 41, 45 - Depositor has requested that these items should be on restricted access for 30 years from date of document
AdminHistoryJohn Crossley, founder of Crossleys Carpets, was born in 1772. He was apprenticed to his uncle, John Webster, as a carpet weaver, before going to work for a William Currer at Luddenden. About 1800, he became manager of Job Lee's carpet factory in the Lower George Yard, Halifax. In 1802, John, his brother Thomas, and James Travis took a lease on Dean Clough Mills. After 20 years, the lease expired and the partnership dissolved. John renewed the lease in his own right. In 1830, he bought out the only other carpet factory in Halifax, Messrs Abbott and Ellerton. When he died in 1837 aged 64, there were 300 employees at Dean Clough. The business was carried on by his 3 sons, John, Joseph and Francis. In 1864, John Crossley and Sons was formed into a joint stock company, one of the first in the country to take advantage of the Limited Liability Company legislation passed in 1862. Four fifths of the shares were kept by the 3 brothers. The prospectus indicates that they had factories at Halifax and Kidderminster, and warehouses at London and Manchester at this stage. By 1900, the workforce stood at 5000. During the First World War, production was switched to produce webbing, blankets and khaki yarn, and machine shops were turned over to shell production. There were similar changes during the Second World War. In 1953, John Crossley and Sons Ltd and Carpet Trades Ltd, Kidderminster, were amalgamated into John Crossley and Carpet Trade Holdings. In 1969, came the merger with the Carpet Trades Manufacturing Company of Kidderminster into Carpets International. In 1970, the Chairman, Patrick Crossley, retired and the Headquarters of the Group was moved to Kidderminster. In 1982, the decision to close Dean Clough became known, and the last carpet stocks produced there were moved out in 1987. After 6 generations of Crossleys, carpet manufacture at Dean Clough came to an end. David Bethune Lindesay Bethune, 15th Earl of Lindesay was a Director of the Firm 1956-1979. He was born on 9 Feb 1926, the son of the 14th Earl of Lindesay and Marjory Cross. On the 31 Oct 1953, he married Mary-Clare Douglas-Scott-Montague, with whom he had 2 children, including the 16th Earl of Lindesay. They divorced in 1968 and he later married Penelope Georgina Crossley. Known by the subsidiary title of Viscount Garnock, he finally became the 15th Earl of Lindesay in 1985 on the death of his father. He died only 4 years later in 1989.
Related MaterialSee HALIFAX ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY PROCEEDINGS for history of Crossley family and firm. See also DC (main collection); MIC:22 AND 28; MISC:807; MISC:1019; MP:11 AND V:41, WYC:1702
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